Stock Based Compensation
|6 Months Ended|
Jun. 30, 2014
|Stock Based Compensation||
NOTE 5 — STOCK BASED COMPENSATION
The Company recognizes stock-based compensation in accordance with ASC 718, “Compensation—Stock Compensation.” Stock-based compensation expense, which consists of the compensation cost for employee stock options and the Company’s ESPP, and the value of options issued to non-employees for services rendered, was allocated to research and development and general and administrative in the unaudited consolidated statements of operations for the three and six months ended June 30, 2014 and 2013 as follows (in thousands):
The Company estimated the fair value of stock options granted using the Black-Scholes option-pricing formula and a single option award approach. This fair value is being amortized ratably over the requisite service periods of the awards, which is generally the vesting period. The fair value of employee stock options and employee purchase rights under the Company’s ESPP was estimated using the following weighted-average assumptions for the three and six months ended June 30, 2014 and 2013:
To determine the expected term of the Company’s employee stock options granted, the Company utilized the simplified approach as defined by SEC Staff Accounting Bulletin No. 107, “Share-Based Payment” (“SAB 107”). To determine the risk-free interest rate, the Company utilized an average interest rate based on U.S. Treasury instruments with a term consistent with the expected term of the Company’s stock based awards. To determine the expected stock price volatility for the Company’s stock based awards, the Company utilized the historical volatilities of the Company. The fair value of all the Company’s stock based awards assumes no dividends as the Company does not anticipate paying cash dividends on its common stock.
Employee Stock-based Compensation Expense
As required by ASC 718, the Company recognized $1.5 million and $2.7 million of stock-based compensation expense related to stock options and purchase rights, under the Company’s equity incentive plans and ESPP, for the three and six months ended June 30, 2014, respectively, and $1.2 million and $2.2 million of stock-based compensation for the three and six months ended June 30, 2013, respectively. As of June 30, 2014, the total unrecognized compensation cost related to unvested stock-based awards granted to employees under the Company’s equity incentive plans was approximately $12.7 million before forfeitures. This cost will be recorded as compensation expense on a straight-line basis over the remaining weighted average requisite service period of approximately 2.7 years.
Non-employee Stock-based Compensation Expense
The Company accounts for equity instruments issued to non-employees in accordance with ASC 505, “Equity.” The equity instruments consisting of stock options are valued using the Black-Scholes option pricing model. The values attributable to these options are amortized over the service period and the unvested portion of these options is remeasured at each vesting date. In connection with the grant of stock options to non-employees, the Company recorded stock-based compensation of approximately $19,000 and $55,000 for the three and six months ended June 30, 2014, respectively, and $34,000 and $0.1 million for the three and six months ended June 30, 2013, respectively.
Equity Incentive Plans
Equity Incentive Plans On January 1, 2014, an additional 1,250,000 shares was authorized for issuance under the 2004 Equity Incentive Plan (“2004 Incentive Plan”), pursuant to the annual automatic increase to the authorized shares under the 2004 Incentive Plan.
The 2004 Incentive Plan expired pursuant to its terms on April 7, 2014. No additional awards have been or will be made after April 7, 2014 under the 2004 Incentive Plan. In May 2014, the Company adopted the 2014 Equity Incentive Plan (“2014 Plan”). The terms of the 2014 Plan provide for the grant of incentive stock options, nonstatutory stock options, stock appreciation rights, restricted stock awards, restricted stock unit awards, other stock awards, and performance awards that may be settled in cash, stock, or other property. The total number of shares of the Company’s common stock reserved for issuance under the 2014 Plan is equal to the sum of (i) 6,000,000 newly reserved shares plus (ii) up to 6,626,157 additional shares (the “Prior Plan Shares”) that may be added to the 2014 Plan in connection with the forfeiture or expiration of awards outstanding under the 2004 Incentive Plan as of May 15, 2014 (the “Returning Shares”). The Prior Plan Shares will be added to the share reserve under the 2014 Plan only as and when such shares become Returning Shares. At June 30, 2014, 4,446,294 shares were authorized and available for issuance under the 2014 Plan.
The following table summarizes stock option activity under the Company’s equity incentive plans:
The total intrinsic value of stock options exercised during the six months ended June 30, 2014 and 2013 were $0.2 million and $0.4 million, respectively, as determined at the date of the option exercise. Cash received from stock option exercises was $0.1 million and $0.2 million for each of the six months ended June 30, 2014 and 2013, respectively. The Company issues new shares of common stock upon exercise of options. In connection with these exercises, there was no tax benefit realized by the Company due to the Company’s current loss position.
2004 Employee Stock Purchase Plan On January 1, 2014, an additional 100,000 shares was authorized for issuance under the 2004 Employee Stock Purchase Plan (“2004 Purchase Plan”) pursuant to the annual automatic increase to the authorized shares under the 2004 Purchase Plan. For the six months ended June 30, 2014, plan participants had purchased 74,062 shares at an average purchase price of $3.91 for total cash proceeds of $0.3 million. At June 30, 2014, 261,834 shares were authorized and available for issuance under the ESPP.
The entire disclosure for compensation-related costs for equity-based compensation, which may include disclosure of policies, compensation plan details, allocation of equity compensation, incentive distributions, equity-based arrangements to obtain goods and services, deferred compensation arrangements, employee stock ownership plan details and employee stock purchase plan details.
Reference 1: http://www.xbrl.org/2003/role/presentationRef